Small-Leaved Lime (Tilia Cordata) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Tree Types Glossary

What is Small-Leaved Lime (Tilia Cordata)?

Small-Leaved Lime, scientifically known as Tilia Cordata, is a species of tree native to Europe and Western Asia. It belongs to the Tiliaceae family and is commonly referred to as the Littleleaf Linden or Small-Leaved Linden. Small-Leaved Lime is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 30 meters in height, with a slender trunk and a dense, rounded crown. It is known for its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant, pale yellow flowers that bloom in late spring to early summer.

Where is Small-Leaved Lime typically found?

Small-Leaved Lime is typically found in temperate regions of Europe and Western Asia. It thrives in moist, well-drained soils and prefers full sun to partial shade. Small-Leaved Lime is commonly found in parks, gardens, and urban landscapes due to its ornamental value and shade-providing qualities. It is also often planted along streets and avenues for its aesthetic appeal and ability to withstand urban pollution.

How does Small-Leaved Lime differ from other types of lime trees?

Small-Leaved Lime is one of several species of lime trees, including the Large-Leaved Lime (Tilia platyphyllos) and the Silver Lime (Tilia tomentosa). Small-Leaved Lime is distinguished by its smaller, more heart-shaped leaves and more compact growth habit compared to other lime tree species. It also tends to have a more upright and slender form, making it a popular choice for smaller gardens and urban settings.

What are the characteristics of Small-Leaved Lime?

Small-Leaved Lime is characterized by its heart-shaped leaves that are dark green on the upper surface and lighter green underneath. The leaves are finely toothed along the edges and have a smooth, glossy texture. Small-Leaved Lime produces fragrant, pale yellow flowers that are clustered in pendulous cymes and attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The tree also produces small, round fruits known as nutlets that are enclosed in a papery wing.

What are the uses of Small-Leaved Lime?

Small-Leaved Lime has a variety of uses, both ornamental and practical. The tree is commonly planted in parks, gardens, and urban landscapes for its attractive foliage, fragrant flowers, and shade-providing qualities. Small-Leaved Lime wood is lightweight, easy to work with, and has a pale, creamy color, making it ideal for carving, furniture making, and musical instrument construction. The flowers and leaves of Small-Leaved Lime are also used in herbal medicine for their calming and diaphoretic properties.

How can Small-Leaved Lime be cultivated and cared for?

Small-Leaved Lime is a relatively low-maintenance tree that thrives in moist, well-drained soils and full sun to partial shade. It is best planted in a location with plenty of room for its roots to spread and a sufficient amount of water during dry periods. Small-Leaved Lime can be propagated from seeds or cuttings, although seeds may take several years to germinate. Pruning is generally not necessary for Small-Leaved Lime, but dead or damaged branches can be removed to maintain the tree’s health and appearance. Overall, Small-Leaved Lime is a versatile and attractive tree that can enhance any landscape with its beauty and benefits.