Dove Tree (Davidia Involucrata) – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Tree Types Glossary

What is a Dove Tree (Davidia Involucrata)?

The Dove Tree, scientifically known as Davidia involucrata, is a deciduous tree that belongs to the family Nyssaceae. It is also commonly referred to as the Handkerchief Tree due to its unique white bracts that resemble handkerchiefs hanging from the branches. The Dove Tree is known for its ornamental value and is often planted in gardens and parks for its beautiful flowers.

Where is the Dove Tree native to?

The Dove Tree is native to China, specifically in the central and southwestern regions of the country. It can also be found in parts of Tibet. The tree grows in mountainous regions at elevations between 1,000 to 2,500 meters. It thrives in cool, moist climates with well-drained soil.

How does the Dove Tree look like?

The Dove Tree is a medium to large-sized tree that can reach heights of up to 20-25 meters. It has a broad, spreading crown with horizontal branches. The leaves are heart-shaped, dark green in color, and turn yellow in the fall before dropping. The most distinctive feature of the Dove Tree is its flowers, which appear in late spring. The flowers are surrounded by two large white bracts that hang down like handkerchiefs, giving the tree its unique appearance.

What are the growing conditions for Dove Trees?

Dove Trees prefer to grow in full sun to partial shade. They thrive in moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. It is important to provide regular watering, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil consistently moist. Mulching around the base of the tree can help retain moisture and suppress weeds. Dove Trees are hardy in USDA zones 6-8.

How is the Dove Tree used in landscaping?

The Dove Tree is a popular choice for landscaping due to its striking appearance and unique flowers. It is often planted as a specimen tree in gardens, parks, and large estates. The tree’s white bracts make it a focal point in the landscape, especially when in bloom. Dove Trees can also be planted in groups or rows to create a stunning visual display. They are best planted in areas where they have room to spread out and grow to their full potential.

What are some common pests and diseases affecting Dove Trees?

Dove Trees are relatively pest and disease resistant, but they can still be susceptible to certain issues. Some common pests that may affect Dove Trees include aphids, scale insects, and caterpillars. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and flowers of the tree if left untreated. In terms of diseases, Dove Trees may be prone to powdery mildew, leaf spot, and canker diseases. Proper care and maintenance, such as regular pruning and monitoring for pests, can help prevent these issues from occurring. If necessary, insecticidal soaps or fungicides can be used to control pests and diseases on Dove Trees.