Pollard – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Horticultural Terms Glossary

What is a Pollard?

A pollard is a method of pruning trees where the upper branches of a tree are cut back to the trunk or main branches. This technique is commonly used to control the size and shape of trees, as well as to encourage new growth and maintain the health of the tree. Pollarding is often done on trees that are fast-growing and have a tendency to become too large for their surroundings.

How to Pollard a Tree?

To pollard a tree, you will need a sharp pair of pruning shears or a pruning saw. Begin by removing all of the branches from the upper part of the tree, leaving only the main trunk and a few lower branches. Make clean cuts close to the trunk or main branches to promote healing and prevent disease. It is important to make sure that the cuts are made at the correct angle to avoid damaging the tree.

When is the Best Time to Pollard a Tree?

The best time to pollard a tree is during the dormant season, which is typically in late winter or early spring. This is when the tree is not actively growing, making it less stressful for the tree to undergo the pruning process. Pollarding during this time also allows the tree to recover and produce new growth before the growing season begins.

What are the Benefits of Pollarding?

There are several benefits to pollarding trees. One of the main benefits is that it helps to control the size and shape of the tree, making it easier to manage and maintain. Pollarding also encourages new growth and can improve the overall health of the tree by removing dead or diseased branches. Additionally, pollarding can increase the lifespan of a tree and improve its appearance.

What Trees are Best Suited for Pollarding?

Not all trees are suitable for pollarding, as some species do not respond well to this type of pruning. Trees that are best suited for pollarding are typically fast-growing species such as willows, poplars, and certain species of oak. These trees have the ability to produce new growth quickly after being pollarded, making them ideal candidates for this pruning technique.

How to Maintain Pollarded Trees?

After pollarding a tree, it is important to properly maintain it to ensure its health and longevity. Regular pruning may be necessary to remove any dead or diseased branches and to shape the new growth. It is also important to monitor the tree for any signs of stress or disease and to provide proper care, such as watering and fertilizing, as needed. By properly maintaining pollarded trees, you can enjoy the benefits of this pruning technique for many years to come.